Since the 1970s, the custom has arisen of giving the name "Hagar" to newborn female babies. “The search for hypocrisy is boundless,” as the historian of the French Revolution, R. R. Palmer, wrote. The angel of the Lord said to her, "Return to your mistress and submit to her." An der Quelle auf dem Weg nach Schur erscheint ihr ein Engel und fordert sie auf, zurückzukehren und Sara gefügig zu sein. By the 17th and 18th centuries, as the filters applied to biblical characters become ever more narrowly ethical,  it is no longer “the gospel” or “faith” or “humility” that determine whether a story is worth attending to. Augustine will famously theorize about the “two cities” of Abel and of Cain, to which Sarah and Hagar respectively belong. "Do not be afraid, Abram, I am your shield; your reward will be very great." Das eine Testament stammt vom Berg Sinai und bringt Sklaven zur Welt; das ist Hagar – denn Hagar ist Bezeichnung für den Berg Sinai in Arabien – und ihr entspricht das gegenwärtige Jerusalem, das mit seinen Kindern in der Knechtschaft lebt. At a celebration after Isaac was weaned, Sarah found the teenage Ishmael mocking her son. His doctorate from Yale University is in theology. Hājar or Haajar (Arabic: هاجر), is the Arabic name used to identify the wife of Ibrāhīm (Abraham) and the mother of Ismā'īl (Ishmael). But the word of the Lord came to him, "This man shall not be your heir; no one but your own issue shall be your heir." Thus, we find Christian readers positing two historical streams of a Sarah and Hagar type: Christians vs. Jews, or simply “true Israelites” vs. false Israelites, spiritual vs. carnal, and so on. It is no surprise that some modern readers of the Bible worry about these accolades and the moral message they might embody. (Nyasha Junior has a fascinating book on this topic, Reimagining Hagar:  Blackness and Bible). And Hagar too, who has somehow found her place there with them. When Sarah failed to get pregnant, as God promised her she would, she decided to take things into her own hands, and give her Egyptian handmaid Hagar to Abraham, so that he could get her pregnant. Abraham definitely sent Hagar away, which he likely would not have done or been able to do to a legitimate wife. Die biblische Verheißung reicher Nachkommenschaft erfüllte sich also. Weiter sprach der Engel des Herrn zu ihr: Du bist schwanger, du wirst einen Sohn gebären und ihn Ismael (Gott hört) nennen; denn der Herr hat auf dich gehört in deinem Leid.“. The Biblical Mount Sinai has been referred to as "Agar", possibly named after Hagar. A character named Hagar is prominently featured in Toni Morrison's novel Song of Solomon, which features numerous Biblical themes and allusions. It was a recognition, embedded in the story of Abraham and Sarah, that was only spottily grasped over the centuries, seen with great clarity by some African-American Christians, and rightly reoriented easy religious evasions. Ibrahim wird angekündigt, er solle Hagar und seinen Sohn an diesem Ort zurücklassen. Von dem Kurfürsten Johann Wilhelm erhielt er den Auftrag, eine zweite Fassung beider Gemälde zu fertigen. And he said, "Hagar, slave-girl of Sarai, where have you come from and where are you going?" And God heard the voice of the boy; the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven, and said to her, "What troubles you, Hagar? This is called the Zamzam Well and is located a few metres from the Kaaba in Mecca. Die beiden bleiben in der Wüste Paran wohnen und Hagar wählt eine Ägypterin als Frau für Ismael. William Shakespeare refers to Hagar in The Merchant of Venice Act II Scene 5 line 40 when Shylock says "What says that fool of Hagar's offspring, ha?" Abrahams Linke ruht zaudernd auf der Schulter der Sklavin, seine rechte Hand gestikuliert frei im Raum. Hājar is honoured as an especially important matriarch of monotheism, as it was through Ismā'īl that Muhammad would come. And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will make you exceedingly numerous." I said, "What we do is like a baptism, but not exactly.... Unitarian Universalist Association What seems to count through all of this is a preternatural conviction of God’s own faithfulness, offering a final end that is only murkily, but nonetheless certainly, discernible in the shifting currents of time. Why didn’t Jewish interpretation move in this moralistic direction? Sara wünscht nicht, dass beide Söhne gemeinsam erben. According to Islamic tradition, Hagar the Egyptian is named as the "Grand Mother of Arabians" and her husband Abraham the Mesopotamian as the "Grand Father of Arabians". Now Sarah said, "God has brought laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh with me.". Da das Paar Abraham und Sara kinderlos zu bleiben scheint, schwängert Abraham auf Bitten seiner Frau die ägyptische Sklavin Hagar. [16] Paul links the laws of the Torah, given on Mount Sinai, to the bondage of the Israelite people, implying that it was signified by Hagar's condition as a bondswoman, while the "free" heavenly Jerusalem is signified by Sarah and her child. About 14 years after the birth of Ishmael, Isaac, Abraham’s son with whom God had promised to make a covenant, was born to Sarah. She went, and filled the skin with water, and gave the boy a drink. [8], Hagar fled into the desert on her way to Shur. All impurities must be stripped away. [28][29][30] This interpretation is discussed in the Midrash[31] and is supported by Rashi, Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, and Obadiah ben Abraham Bartenura. (617) 742-2100 | info@uua.org. But it was based on a fundamental intuition: the Bible is not an assemblage of moral exemplars with the attached exhortation “go and do likewise.” Its divine power is not primarily brokered through moral instruction. And the angel of the Lord said to her. Abraham lässt sich nach der dargestellten Gesprächsszene auf Saras Vorschlag ein und zeugt mit Hagar den Sohn Ismael. Die Beziehung zwischen Abraham und Sara wird in der biblischen Überlieferung als einzig legitime Beziehung – Ehe – dargestellt: Abraham setzt mit Hagar als Nebenfrau – an Gottes Verheißung frevelhaft zweifelnd – in Gestalt des Erstgeborenen Ismael einen „illegitimen“ Nachwuchs in die Welt, gleichwohl erfüllt sich Gottes Bund mit Abraham in der Zeugung und Geburt Isaaks. She said, "I am running away from my mistress Sarai." Dort entdeckt Ibrahim, dass die Kaaba, das erste Gotteshaus, erbaut durch den ersten Propheten Adam, in Vergessenheit geraten und zu einer Ruine verkommen ist. [34] Hall Caine gave the name A Son of Hagar to 1885 book set in contemporary England and dealing with the theme of illegitimacy. Oktober 2020 um 10:30, „Hagars Quell“ aus der Sammlung „Heilige Wasser“ von Karl Gerok (1855), Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet, Bibelarbeit am 32. He brought him outside and said, "Look toward heaven and count the stars, if you are able to count them." Abraham and Sarah were slaveholders. I have no idea, therefore, about the political implications there may be for our moment from this Scripture and from its interpretation. It also reverses the conventional Christian interpretation by portraying the Christian character as the outcast. 22:32). There is no room on such a stage for the complete ruin of the human heart that otherwise lies so clearly to view in Scripture — and in the world at large. Life is hard, complex, brief, full of dark suffering and moments of blazing light that often only flicker, and in all this God shares a glory that both consumes and creates. Hagar im Islam. Therefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi [Well of the Living one who sees me]; it lies between Kadesh and Bered. Among the most consistent of these was to focus the story on God, and on God’s providence and compassion much as in the story of Joseph: God brings his promises to fulfillment even in the midst of human emotional confusion and ethical abuses. Das im Bild inszenierte Drama der Kinderlosigkeit war für den Kurfürsten Johann Wilhelm von besonderer persönlicher Bedeutung. [22] The Muslim belief is that God tested Ibrāhīm by ordering this task. Mit dem im Jahr 1701 gefertigten Gegenstück, der Verstoßung Hagars,[1] und neben anderen Bildern van der Werffs gelangte das Gemälde bald in einen Saal der ab 1709 errichteten Gemäldegalerie Düsseldorf. Hagar was in the desert and near death when the angel of God called to her, saying, “What troubles you, Hagar? Dr. Ephraim Radner is professor of historical theology at Wycliffe College in Toronto. Sarah, according to the custom of those times, gave her slave, Hajjar, to continue the race. Das spätbarocke Gemälde zählt zu den bedeutenden Schöpfungen der niederländischen Malerei im Goldenen Zeitalter. She gave her Egyptian maidservant, Hagar, to Abraham. Ihr aber, Brüder, seid Kinder der Verheißung wie Isaak. There, by a spring of water, she was found by an angel of the Lord, who told her to return home and promised her that she would have many descendants through a son, Ishmael; he would grow up to be a “wild ass of a man,” in constant struggle with all other men. © Copyright 1996-2020 Unitarian Universalist Association.All Rights Reserved. Updates? A similarly sympathetic view prevails in more recent literature. Der Sohn der Sklavin wurde auf natürliche Weise gezeugt, der Sohn der Freien aufgrund der Verheißung. Hagar was Abrahams black Egyptian concubine that overcame her status as a servant to become the mother to of the largest nations to ever exist. 4). It is suggested that Keturah was Hagar's personal name, and that "Hagar" was a descriptive label meaning "stranger". In: Anchor Bible Dictionary (ABD). Hagar and Ishmael. Neither Sara nor Hājar are mentioned by name in the Qur'an, but the story is traditionally understood to be referred to in a line from Ibrāhīm's prayer in Sura Ibrahim (14:37): "I have settled some of my family in a barren valley near your Sacred House. 11:8-11), but remembered by Mary with thanks in her Magnificat and proclaimed by Jesus himself as the objects of God’s power of “life” (Matt. Abrahams Blick richtet sich auf die neben ihm stehende Ehefrau Sara, die durch ihre kantigen Gesichtszüge und ihre faltige Haut ebenfalls als gealterte Person erscheint. This was something Paul himself — “slave of Christ” — struggled to make sense of in his ministry, somehow finding divine truth in his “weakness” (Mark 10:44, Rom. I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. Doch wie damals der Sohn, der auf natürliche Weise gezeugt war, den verfolgte, der kraft des Geistes gezeugt war, so geschieht es auch jetzt.

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